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Costa Rica

Travel to Costa Rica

Costa Rica - Map

Costa Rica is a Central American country, situated on a thin isthmus and bordered by Nicaragua to the north and Panama to the south. It is a country known for untamed rainforests, tropical wildlife and colourful Caribbean culture; images of idyllic beaches, lined with lush palms and colourful flora spring to mind just at the mention of its name. In fact, Costa Rica translates to ‘Rich Coast’, owing to the finery worn by the native population when the country was first discovered by Spanish explorers. Today, this meaning could easily be attributed to the vibrant coastline of the country, which runs along both the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. It has been an increasingly popular destination for nature travel since the 1980s and today it is a world-pioneer of eco-tourism, as, despite its popularity, the abundant natural beauty of the environment has not been compromised, with businesses doing their best to choose sustainable options to accommodate visitors. Costa Rica has even been named the ‘greenest country in the world’. Combining lush rainforests, idyllic beaches and a cheerful atmosphere, a holiday to Costa Rica is a nature-lovers paradise. Most tours of Costa Rica begin in the vibrant capital of San Jose, with a historic downtown district awash with colonial architecture, before moving on to the fantastic natural wonders of the country such as the Arenal Volcano, abundant Manuel Antonio National Park, the cloud forests of Monteverde, for zip-lining adventures, and the precious beaches and jungles of Tortuguero.


History of Costa Rica

In 1502 the Italian explorer Christopher Columbus landed in Costa Rica. From this time onwards, Spanish settlers began to arrive in the country, joining the native population, made up of four tribes: the Carib, Boruca, Chibcha and Diquis Indians. Like much of the region, Costa Rica remained under Spanish rule until 1812, when independence was declared, a date which is still celebrated annually on the 15th September. The country has a strong tradition of coffee production, a crop which was first planted in the early 1800s, and due to its increasing worldwide popularity, became an important export commodity for Costa Rica. Immigrants from Caribbean nations arrived in the country to build a railroad to more easily transport the precious beans from the farms to the port of Limon, and these workers, many of which stayed for generations, have had a big influence on the country’s culture. Bananas were another important export during this era. With the early 20th century marked by a military dictatorship under General Tinoco and a civil war, which led to the complete abolition of the military in the 40s, there has been an uninterrupted democracy ever since. Costa Rica has successfully avoided the political upheaval of many other Central and South American countries and is known to be a peaceful and politically stable nation.

Nature in Costa Rica

An amazing 25% of Costa Rica’s territory is protected rainforest and jungle, home to a plethora of wildlife, including numerous species of playful monkeys and the elusive quetzal species of bird. The country is such a fantastic haven for wildlife that it is estimated to be home to 5% of the world's biodiversity. Considering its small size and in comparison to other countries, this is an amazing source of pride for Costa Ricans and a large part of the country’s appeal as a holiday destination. The county’s fabulous beaches of white sand and clear waters, which run along both coastlines, are also worth mentioning, as is the popularity of Costa Rica as a surfing destination. Hiking is another of the common activities, with great trails and facilities for trekking in the natural environment, particularly in La Fortuna, an area known for its waterfalls and hot springs. The highest point in the country is Cerro Chirripo, meaning ‘Land of Eternal Waters’ due to the many lakes and streams that can be found around the mountain. Its peak stands at 3819 metres above sea level. Lake Arenal is Costa Rica’s largest lake, overshadowed by the imposing Arenal Volcano and located close to the national park of the same name. There are 14 volcanoes in total to be found in the country, 6 of which have been active in the last century. The tallest is the amazing Irazu Volcano, famed for its other-worldly sulphurous green lagoon, its name meaning ‘mountain of tremors and fire’. With a year-round tropical climate, divided into a wet and a dry season, Costa Rica is truly a destination of rich natural beauty.


Costa Rica’s National Parks

Having completely eradicated deforestation in the country, visitors on a holiday to Costa Rica can enjoy a number of protected national parks, each which their own unique nature and attractions. Corcovado National Park is renowned for its biodiversity, considered to be one of the most biodiverse regions in the world. It has a variety of hiking trails, both along the coast and inland, taking visitors from tropical beaches into swampland, rainforests and mangroves. Its wildlife includes scarlet macaws, tapirs, jaguars and an amazing 4 species of monkeys. The national park of Tortuguero is famed for its nesting turtles, most notably the endangered green turtle species, who nest on the beaches at specific times throughout the year. This spectacle is a popular attraction for tourists who have the opportunity to watch quietly from a distance. Monteverde National Park is another of the popular nature reserves in Costa Rica, with a rich biodiversity of around 400 bird species and 100 mammals.


Culture in Costa Rica

Due to its situation, Costa Rica is thought of as the meeting point between Mesoamerican and South American cultures, and as such, has a diverse and colourful culture. Without a doubt, there is a big Spanish influence, seen in the language, religion and traditions of the country, whilst the laid-back atmosphere, music and cuisine, has roots in the Carribean cultures who also settled here. The charming element that many visitors love about Costa Rica is its happy-go-lucky ethos. ‘Pura Vida’, translated as ‘Pure Life’ is famously the local philosophy and is understood to mean a simple, stress-free life, something you can witness first hand if you have the chance to explore the local communities on a tour of Costa Rica. People also use the term ‘Pura Vida’, as a greeting, and as a question, to inquire about the well-being of their family and friends. With this focus on simplicity, it is no wonder that the country was named the Happiest Country in the World by National Geographic in 2017.

Immerse yourself in the natural paradise of this country and find your ‘Pure Vida’! A package holiday to Costa Rica is the perfect way to experience the vast array of national parks, abundant nature and paradise coastline that make this one of the happiest places on earth.


What to know before travelling to Costa Rica

  • Entry requirements:
    Valid passport with at least six months validity.
  • Visa*:
    Visa is not required for stays less than 90 days.
  • Currency:
    Costa Rican Colon
  • Language:
  • Electricity:
    110 V. Adapter required.
  • Health:
    Vaccines may be required. Check with your GP.
  • Time zone:
    UTC - 06:00
  • Other useful information:
    Local emergency number: 128
  • Tourist Office website:
* Embassies and ministries of tourism can modify the amounts of visas without prior notice
Costa Rica - Mapa
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Real comments from Exoticca customers
All the comments below belong to people who have travelled to Costa Rica with Exoticca in the past 18 months.
Costa Rica
Based on 4 reviews
Featured comment
Stephen Edwards
The wildlife, landscapes and friendly locals made it a unique trip and I particularly loved how much of the country...
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Mr & Mrs Winter
Tropical Rainforests & Beach Escape
'It was very good value'
22 January 2019

“The resorts were excellent and accommodation very good.

Elizabeth Robinson
Tropical Adventures & Beaches
'I would highly recommend this holiday.'
27 November 2018

“The hotels met or exceeded expectations and the staff were very friendly and helpful. Our guides were very interesting and informative. My main interest was the wildlife and the included tours were excellent. I was pleasantly surprised by the small groups so we never felt like hapless tourists being herded around!”

Judith Gardner
Tropical Rainforests & Beach Escape
‘All in all, we had a super time & will almost certainly try one of your other trips.’
18 September 2018

“The trip was an excellent taste of Costa Rica, with the different locations. All the hotels were very good as were the meals provided. All the transfers were very prompt or early & very efficient, the minibuses were clean & smart as were the drivers.”

Emma Percy
New York & Tropical Adventures
'We had an amazing time and we were so impressed with everything Exoticca had organised'
27 August 2018

“The excursions that you chose were all fantastic and the guides/drivers were all brilliant. Everything ran on time and felt safe and understood. Thank you for a fantastic unforgettable holiday. ”

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